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Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety

GSR Part 1 (Rev. 1)

Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety

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GSR Part 1 (Rev. 1)

Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety

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Footnotes
1The term ‘radiation’ in this context means ionizing radiation.
2The term ‘radiation risks’ is used in a general sense to refer to:− Detrimental health effects of radiation exposure (including the likelihood of such effects occurring);− Any other safety related risks (including those to the environment) that might arise as a direct consequence of:• Exposure to radiation;• The presence of radioactive material (including radioactive waste) or its release to the environment;• A loss of control over a nuclear reactor core, nuclear chain reaction, radioactive source or any other source of radiation.
3The term ‘facilities and activities — existing and new — utilized for peaceful purposes’ is hereafter abbreviated for convenience to ‘facilities and activities’ as a general term encompassing any human activity that may cause people to be exposed to radiation risks arising from naturally occurring or artificial sources. The term ‘facilities’ includes: nuclear facilities; irradiation installations; some mining and raw material processing facilities, such as uranium mines; radioactive waste management facilities; and any other places where radioactive materials are produced, processed, used, handled, stored or disposed of — or where radiation generators are installed — on such a scale that consideration of protection and safety is required. The term ‘activities’ includes the production, use, import and export of radiation sources for industrial, research and medical purposes; the transport of radioactive material; the decommissioning of facilities; radioactive waste management activities such as the discharge of effluents; and some aspects of the remediation of sites affected by residues from past activities.
4The IAEA issues guidance on nuclear security in the separate IAEA Nuclear Security Series of publications.
5Authorization to operate a facility or to conduct an activity may be granted by the regulatory body or by another governmental body to an operator (an operating organization or a person). ‘Authorization’ takes the form of a written permission which could include, for example, licensing, certification or registration. See Ref. [2].
6An ‘authorized party’ is the person or organization responsible for an authorized facility or an authorized activity that gives rise to radiation risks who has been granted written permission (i.e. authorized) by the regulatory body or another governmental body to perform specified activities. The ‘authorized party’ for an authorized facility or activity is usually the operating organization or the registrant or licensee (although forms of authorization other than registration or licensing may apply).
7Not having an authorization would not exonate the person or organization responsible for the facility or activity from the responsibility for safety [1]
8Making improvements may require authorization by or notification of the regulatory body.
9If an organization that provides the regulatory body with advice or services were also to advise an authorized party on the same subject, the potential conflict of interest could compromise the reliability of the organization.
10The regulatory body specifies which sources are to be included in the registers and inventories, with due consideration given to the associated risks.
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Tags applicable to this publication

  • Publication type:General Safety Requirements
  • Publication number: GSR Part 1 (Rev. 1)
  • Publication year: 2016
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